Digitaal Pantheon grootste gescande erfgoedobject

30 maart 2006

Tijdens de Open Access Conferentie in Berlijn werd op woensdag 29 maart het “digitale Pantheon” ten doop gehouden. Het Pantheon werd tussen 118 en 125 na Christus te Rome gebouwd. Het oorspronkelijke gebouw dateerde uit 27 v. Chr. en werd gebouwd onder het consulschap van Marcus Agrippa. In 80 n. Chr. werd het door brand verwoest, in 125 geheel herbouwd onder keizer Hadrianus. Het gebouw, dat in zeer goede staat verkeert, is het grootste gedigitaliseerde erfgoedobject ter wereld. De digitale 3D-scan van het Pantheon bestaat uit 540 miljoen beeldpunten (> 9 Gb aan data).

The Pantheon in Rome is one of the world’s most famous buildings, and has been studied extensively by architects, historians and archaeologists since the Renaissance. Erected by the Roman emperor Hadrian in 118-25 AD and replacing an earlier “Pantheon” built by Agrippa between 27-25 BC, it is one of the best preserved examples of monumental Roman architecture, and has been used as a church since 608 AD. Especially intriguing is its dome, which is c. 43.6m in diameter – still the largest unreinforced solid concrete dome in the world (The Pantheon in Google Maps).

However, many questions remain concerning the design, construction, statics, building logistics and the original purpose of this unique monument. The Karman Center’s Pantheon Project aims to resolve these questions with up-to-date technical means, new digital measurings of the entire building and new forms of web-based scientific collaboration.

The Pantheon Project Group consists of scholars and engineers from various fields of the sciences, such as archaeology, architecture, art history, computer science, the history of science and mathematics. It invites all interested scholars to use the basic information provided by the Pantheon Project and to take part in discussion and research.

One of the new means of the Pantheon Project for scientific work is a three-dimensional digital data model based on 540,000,000 points (> 9 gigabytes of numerical data) from a laser scanning operation executed in Rome during December 2005. The model not only contains the co-ordinates of all the points but also the colour value of the surface.

The Pantheon Project focuses on Open Access Scholarship, that is, not only the research results from the Pantheon Project and the Karman Center, but also all the basic data and discussion concerning them will be made freely accessible to all interested scholars for their own use.

See: http://www.karmancenter.unibe.ch/pantheon

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