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Abbreviations and acronyms

.7bdat = SAS version 7b dataset (file extension used in SAS)
AAC = Advanced Audio Coding
.accdb = Access Database (file extension used in Microsoft Access 2007 and later)
.adf = Esri ArcInfo Data File
.ai = Adobe Illustrator (file extension used in Adobe Illustrator)
AIFF = Audio Interchange File Format
ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange
AVC = Advanced Video Coding
AVI = Audio Video Interleaved
BWF = Broadcast Wave Format
CAD = Computer-Aided Design
CAQDAS = Computer Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis
CDR = CorelDRAW file format
COLLADA = Collaborative Design Activity
CSS = Cascading Style Sheets
CSV = Comma Separated Values
.dae = Digital Asset Exchange (file extension used in COLLADA)
.dbf = dBase file (file extension used in dBase)
DDI = Data Documentation Initiative (metadata standard for statistical data, see http://ww.ddialliance.org/)
DICOM = Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine
.docx = Office Open XML document (file extension used in Microsoft Office)
.dta = data file (file extension used in STATA)
DTD = Document Type Definition
.dwg = Drawing (file extension used in AutoCAD)
.dxf = Drawing Interchange Format (file extension used in AutoCAD)
EPS = Encapsulated PostScript
Esri = Environmental Systems Research Institute
ES = ECMAscript
.fbx = Filmbox (file extension used in Autodesk software)
FLAC = Free Lossless Audio Codec
GIS = Geographic Information System
GML = Geography Markup Language
H.264 = video coding standard, defined by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). Also known as MPEG-4 Part 10 or AVC.
HDF = Hierarchical Data Format
HTML = HyperText Markup Language
IEC = International Electrotechnical Commission
ISO = International Organization for Standardization
JPEG = Joint Photographic Experts Group
JS = JavaScript
KML = Keyhole Markup Language
M4A = MPEG-4 Audio
MathML = Mathematical Markup Language
.mdb = Microsoft Access Database (file extension used in Microsoft Access 2003 and earlier)
MIF/MID = MapInfo Interchange Format / MapInfo Data File
MKV = Matroska Video
.mov = Apple QuickTime movie (file extension used in QuickTime)
MP2 = MPEG-1 Audio Layer II
MP3 = MPEG-1/-2 Audio Layer III
MPEG = Moving Picture Experts Group
MPEG-2 = Moving Pictures Experts Group 2 (video format)
MPEG-4 = Moving Pictures Experts Group 4
MS = Microsoft (with software: MS Word; MS Excel, …)
.obj = WaveFront Object
ODS = OpenDocument Spreadsheet
ODT = OpenDocument Text.doc = document (file extension used in Microsoft Word)
OOXML = Office Open XML
PDF = Portable Document Format
PNG = Portable Network Graphics
.por = SPSS Portable (file extension of the SPSS exchange format)
R = software bundle and programming language, a modern implementation of S (Statistical programming language)
RDF = Resource Description Framework
RTF = Rich Text File
SAS = Statistical Analysis System (statistical data analysis software)
.sav = SPSS data file (file extension used in SPSS, the extension name is derived from ‘save’)
.sd2 = SAS dataset (file extension used in SAS)
SGML = Standardized General Markup Language
.shp = Shapefile (file extension used in Esri software)
SIARD = Software Independent Archiving of Relational Databases
SPSS = Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (which is now being used outside the social sciences as well)
SQL = Structured Query Language
SVG = Scalable Vector Graphics
.tab = Table File (file extension used in MapInfo)
TEI = Text Encoding Initiative
.tfw = TIFF World File
TIFF = Tagged Image File Format
.tpt = SAS Transport file (file extension used in SAS)
TXT = text
UTF = Unicode Transformation Formats
W3C = World Wide Web Consortium
WAVE = Waveform Audio File Format
WMF = Windows Metafile
X3D = XML file format for rendering 3D computer graphics
XHTML = Extensible HyperText Markup Language
.xls = Excel Spreadsheet (file extension used in Microsoft Excel)
.xlsx = Office Open XML spreadsheet (file extension used in Microsoft Office)
XML = Extensible Markup Language
XSLT = Extensible Stylesheet Language Transformations